News Articles and Policy Training Manuals

AVERT: HIV and AIDS in South Africa. International HIV & AIDS Charity. Accessed on December 1, 2010.


Bill of Rights, South Africa – Chapter 2. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from South African Government Information, Documents, Constitution, 1996.


What the stats say: What’s actually Happening in our country. (n.d.) Retrieved April 25, 2010 from University of KwaZulu-Natal University, Gender Violence Web Site, Counselling Services. //>.


WHO (2010). Chapter 4: Violence by Intimate Partners. World Report on Violence and Health. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from World Health Organization, Gender, Women and Health, Partner Violence and Women’s Health Website. // ex.html>. p.101-102.


Harvey, A., Garcia-Moreno, C. & Butchart, A. (2007). Primary prevention of intimate-partner violence and sexual violence: Background paper for WHO expert meeting. Geneva: World Health Organization


. World Health Organization. (2004). Handbook for the documentation of interpersonal violence prevention programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization.


Republic of South Africa. Births and Death Resgistration Act. 41. Government Gazette. 1992.


Republic of South Africa. Domestic Violence Act. No 116. Government Gazette.1998.


WHO 1999, Putting women’s safety first: Ethical and safety recommendation for research on domestic violence against women, World Health Organisation, Geneva, WHO/EIP/GPE/99.2.


Department of Education, (1999). National Policy on HIV/AIDS, for Learners AND Educators in Public Schools, and Students and Educators in Further and Education and Training. Pretoria: Department of Education


Department of Health, (2010). National Antenatal Sentinel HIV and Syphilis Prevalence Survey in South Africa, 2009. Pretoria: Department of Health


Department of Health, (2012). The National Contraception Policy Guidelines. Pretoria: Department of Health.


Department of Health, (2012) Preventing Teenage Pregnancy. Pretoria: Department of Health


Human Sciences Research Council (2009). Teenage pregnancy in South Africa with a specific focus on school-going learners. Pretoria: UNICEF


Jeeves, A. (2001). Public health in the era of South Africa’s syphilis epidemic of the 1930’s and 1940’s. South African Historical Journal, 45(1), 79-102.


Marks, S. (2002). An epidemic waiting to happen? The spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa in social and historical perspective. African Studies, 61(1), 13-26.


Preston-Whyte, E. (1994). Gender and the lost generation: the dynamics of HIV transmission among black South African teenagers. Health Transition Review, 4, 241-255.


Simbayi, L.C., Chauveau, J. & Shisana, O. (2004) Behavioural responses of South African youth to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a nationwide survey. AIDS Care, 16, 605–618


Abortion and Sterilization Act. (1975). Act 2. Cape Town: South African Government Gazette 478.


Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act. (1996). Act 92. Cape Town: South African Government Gazette 377(17602).


da Costa, P. C., & Donald, F. (2003). The experience of person-role conflict in doctors expected to terminate pregnancies in the South African public sector. South African Journal of Psychology, 33(1), 10-18.


Department of Health. (1999–2001). Saving Mothers: Second report on confidential enquiries into maternal deaths in South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Health



Harvey, Marjolein. ‘South Africa: ‘Morning After Pill’ Angers Anti-abortion Lobby’. 25 January 2001. All Africa. Accessed 10 November 2013.



Health 24. 2013. ‘Emergency Contraceptive pills in South Africa: There are only two basic types of emergency contraceptive pills in South Africa’. Accessed 12 November 2013.



Johnston, Robert ‘Historical abortion statistics, South Africa’. 21 November 2010. Johnston’s Archive. Accessed 31 July 2014



BBC News. 2009. Big Jump in South Africa Sex Offences. News Article. 22 Sept. [Accessed on 6 October 2009]


Ipas. 2007. South Africa holds hearings about abortion law amendment. Chapel Hill: Ipas. out_abortion_law_amendment.aspx. [Accessed on 16 February 2010].


NCCEMD. 2007. Saving Mothers 2005-2007: Fourth Report on Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in South Africa Expanded Executive Summary. Pretoria: Department of Health. [Accessed 15 February 2010]


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Klugman, B., & Varkey, S.J. (2001). From policy development to policy implementation: the South African Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act. In B. Klugman & D.Budlender (Eds.), Advocating for abortion access: Eleven country studies (pp. 251-282). Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.


De Capua, J. 2006. Criticism of condom distribution at South African schools. VOA News. [Online] Available: voa21.cfm.[03/03/2011]


Forrest, J.I. 2009. Perceptions of HIV and fertility among adolescents in Soweto, South Africa: Stigma and social barriers continue to hinder progress. f [2011, February, 19]


Fredericks, I. 2001. Koornhof’s condom plan is ‘premature.’ Sunday Times. [Online] Available: [2011, February, 19]


Human Sciences Research Council. 2009.Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa with a Specific Focus on School-Going Learners July 2009, [Online] Available from: [Access 3 January 2011]


Human Sciences Research Council. 2009.Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa with a Specific Focus on School-Going Learners July 2009, [Online] Available from: [Access 3 January 2011]


Life 2007.South African Abortions on the rise, number on teenagers has doubled. 19 September.


Makiwane, M. & Udjo, E. 2006. Is the Child Support Grant associated with an increase in teenage fertility in South Africa? Evidence from national surveys and administrative data. [Online] Available: [2010, August 30].


Medical Research Council of South Africa. 2007. A National Health plan for South Africa.: Pretoria South Africa.


National Department of Education. 2009. Teenage pregnancy in South Africa: with a specific focus on school- going Learners. 2011. School boys arrested over sex video. 18 October.


Republic of South Africa South Africa. 2006. Children’s Act 38 of 2005. [Online] Available:[2011, March, 10]


Republic of South Africa. 2007. Children’s Amendment Act (No. 41 of 2007). [Online] Available: http: 2007-2008-04-10. [2011, November, 10]

Republic of South Africa South Africa. 1996 Constitution of the Republic of South Africa. 1996. 27(1): Health care, food, water and social security. [Online] Available: [2011, March, 10]


Ruwaydah, L. 2006. Teen moms: SA’S shocking truth. Drum, November, 11.SABC 3. 2006. Special Assignment. [Television programme]. July.


Sookha, B. & Cole, B. 2007. Youngsters to decide on sex. Daily News. [Online] Available: 736971C170074. [2011, March, 10]


Mager, A. K. (1999). Gender and the making of a South African Bantustan: A social history of the Ciskei. Oxford: James Currey.


Morrell, R. (2002). Men, movement and gender transformation in South Africa. Journal of Men’s Studies, 10, 309-321.


DhlaminI S 2009. Fate of pregnant pupils. The Mirror, 2 April 2009:3.


Domisse J 2007. Teenage pregnancy time bomb. Mail & Guardian, 13 March 2007:11-14


Ferguson M 2004. The truth about teenage sex. True Love, 3 February 2004:2-3.


Govender P 2007. Maternity leave for pregnant schoolgirls. The Times, 3 March 2007:4.


Khubisa M 2012 teenage pregnancy a crisis in KwaZulu-Natal. The North Coast Courier, 4 July 2012: 1-4.


Kruger C 2011 Derde van Suid-Afrika se kinders verloor hulle onskuld op 14. rapport, 28 Augustus 201:5.


Maphumulo S 2009. Pupil dies after giving birth. The Star, 13 February 2009:6.


Masemola L 2008. Teenage pregnancy becomes a trend. The Star, 30 October 2008:6


Mazibuko M 2008. Pregnancy blues. The Sowetan, 13 February 2008:2


Mkamba L & Moolla Y 2012. Grade 3 pupils fall pregnant in KwaZulu-Natal. The Mercury, 27 June 2012: 2 -3.


Mngoma S 2008. How are schools to deal with pregnancies? The Natal Witness, 28 February 2008:18.


Mngoma S. 2010. The teen pregnancy epidemic. The Natal Witness, 26 May 2010:11


Mtshali T 2007. Social grant not promoting teen pregnancies. The Sunday Independent, 18 January 2007:4.


Newman L 2008. Teenage pregnancy no surprise. The Mercury, 9 May 2009:4.


Nkuna B 2008. Child grant used for booze. The Cape Argus, 29 September 2008:6.


SAPA (South African Publishing Association) 2008. Rape: 20% of sex assaults at school. The Natal Witness, 13 March 2008:1.


Hutchinson, B. 1957. „Some Social Consequences of the Nineteenth Century Missionary Activity among the South African Bantu‟, in Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Apr., 1957), pp. 160-177. Published by: Edinburgh University Press.



Action Aid. (2009). Hate crimes: The rise of ‘corrective’ rape in South Africa. Retrieved 7 September, 2009, from


da Costa, W. J. (2006, December 2). Timeline of gay and lesbian rights milestones in SA. Pretoria News, p. 2.


Nkosi, S. (2005, 17 December). Traditional leaders do not support gay union. City Press. Retrieved July 12, 2009 from


Republic of South Africa. (1988). The Sexual Offences Act, No. 2 of 1988. Pretoria: Government Printers.


Botha, M. P. (2008). Homosexuality ond South African cinema. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from ?id=129&feature


Rawoot, I. (2011). Mogoeng’s assault on women’s rights. Retrieved November 23, 2011 from http://mg. rticle/20 11-08-26-m ogoengs-m arita I-ra pe-judgments-ra isehackles


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OUTRhodes Society. 2010. Rhodes University: Grahamstown. Access date 2 March 2015 from:


Daniels, L. 10 December 2005. „Traditional leaders against law on gay unions‟. Retrieved from 1.261075#.UhHUNKznRK4


Da Costa, W. & Witbooi, M. 17 October 2006. „Church council divided about same-sex unions‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 23 June 2012.


Da Costa, W. 20 September 2006. „ACDP slams civil union bill‟. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from IOL: 1.294452#.UHf–Glrb5k


Dentlinger, L. 13 February 2009. ‘We will rehabilitate gays and lesbians’. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 23 June 2012.


Featherstone, S. 2006. IOL readers divided on same sex marriages. Retrieved from 1.303377#.UmeAqlPnRK4 on 14 November 2013.


Geen, J. Rise of “Corrective Rapes” on Lesbians in South Africa, PINK NEWS, Mar. 13, 2009, accessed on 24 March 2013.


Gerardy, J. 2 September 2009. „Lesbian rape case exposes SA as grimly macho‟. Retrieved from 1.457125#.UqXVk1NSmqM on 8 December 2013.


Graham, S. 11 March 2004. „Gay community still facing many challenges‟. Retrieved from 1.207527?ot=inmsa.ArticlePrintPageLayout.ot on 03 December 2013.


Green, J. „Paper documents persecution of black lesbians‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from 1.108681#.UqXOwFNSmqM on 22 November 2013.


Independent Online. 2 November 1999. „Judge rules that gay couple are family‟. Retrieved from 1.18095#.UzsatKjEeuI on 3 May 2013.


Independent Online. 26 November 1999. „IFP MP ‘cannot comprehend’ gay sex‟. Retrieved from.. 1.20794#.UhJNMKxetnQ on 23 July 2013.


Independent Online. 28 September 2001. „Court victory for gay couples‟. Retrieved from on 23 November 2013.


Independent Online. 28 September 2001.’Gay couples can adopt kids’. Retrieved from on 23 November 2013.


Independent Online. 10 September 2002. „Lesbians and gays can adopt, Concourt rules‟. Retrieved from on 23 November 2013.


Independent Online. 18 October 2002. „Lesbian lovers to continue legal battle‟. Retrieved from 1.96303#.UzsYjKjEeuI on 23 May 2012.


Independent Online. 25 June 2003. „Paper documents persecution of black lesbians‟. Retrieved from on 23 June 2013.


Independent Online. 27 December 2004. „HRC welcomes challenge on gay marriages‟. Retrieved from on 3 May 2013.


Independent Online. 17 May 2005. „Homosexuality against the Bible, court hears‟. Retrieved from 1.241425#.UzsVI6jEeuI on 12 June 2013.


Independent Online. 2 December 2005. „Same-sex marriage ruling brings hope and joy‟. Retrieved from on 23 June 2013.


Independent Online. 18 November 2005. „Lesbian couple accused of murder‟. Retrieved from 1.259109#.UpTvRlNetnQ on 22 November 2013.


Independent Online. 1 December 2005. „A year’s too long to wait, say gay groups‟. Retrieved from 1.260290#.UzsZqajEeuI on 3 May 2013.


Independent Online. 17 May 2006. „PAC leader apologies for anti-gay comments‟. Retrieved from 1.277953#.UpTqvFNetnQ on 22 November 2013.


Independent Online. 2 October 2006. „Bill hearing was chaotic, say gays‟. Retrieved from 1.295833#.UzsaMKjEeuI on 3 May 2013.


Independent Online. 22 September 2006. „We‟re different now on gays – Ndungane‟. Retrieved from on 23 June 2013.


Independent Online. 18 November 2006. „Same-sex marriages ‘not holy’‟. Retrieved from 1.303781#.UzsXcajEeuI on 23 June 2013.


Independent Online. 18 May 2007. ‘We cannot bless civil unions’. Retrieved from 1.353565#.UzsWfKjEeuI on 13 June 2013.


Independent Online. 9 August 2007. ‘Lesbians are still targeted’. Retrieved from 1.365632#.UqXWUFNSmqM on 03 December 2013.


Independent Online. 6 May 2008. „Lesbian pupils face high rape risk‟. Retrieved from 1NSmqM on 31 August 2013.


Independent Online. 12 March 2008. ‘High levels of sexual assault at school’. Retrieved from 1.392799?ot=inmsa.ArticlePrintPageLayout.ot on 22 November 2013.


Independent Online. 6 April 2010. „Rape of lesbian: Activists call for no bail‟. Retrieved from 1.479737#.UzvUdPk0VuQ on 5 June 2013.


Independent Online. „MEC asks for report on ‘corrective rape’‟. Retrieved from 1.480375#.UzvW4vk0VuQ on 13 June 2013.


Independent Online. 7 October 2010. „Gay rights are Human Rights‟. Retrieved from 1.684284#.UzsbSqjEeuI on 3 May 2013.


Independent Online. 13 March 2011. „Lesbians to attend talks at Parliament‟. Retrieved from 1.1040639#.UzvXVvk0VuQ on 23 June 2013.


Independent Online. 1 August 2011. „Campaign to stop „corrective rape‟. Retrieved from 1.1109503#.UzvT3_k0VuQ on 23 June 2013.


Independent Online. 5 December 2011. „SA lesbians abused: rights groups‟. Retrieved from 1.1192467#.UqXRW1NSmqM on 22 November 2013.


Independent Online. 23 January 2012. „Gays are rotten, says Zwelithini‟. Retrieved from on 24 April 2013.


Khumalo, S. 2007. „Same-sex marriages ‘will destroy the Zulus’. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 31 August 2012.


Lange de D. 8 May 2012. „Sack Holomisa for anti-gay comments – DA‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 14 November 2013.


Mail & Guardian. 14 June 2011. „Gay woman stabbed in Crossroads‟. Retrieved from on 22 March 2012.

Mbatha, M. 2006. „IOL readers generous to same sex‟. Retrieved from 1.304757#.Umo3pqzO2uI on 12 May 2012.


Mhlongo, A. February 21 2005. Gay marriage rights hits traditional snag. Retrieved January 2013 from IOL:


Mamphumulo, S. 30 June 2008. „Soweto’s female gays live in constant fear‟. Retrieved from 1.406346#.UqXUQVNSmqM on 03 December 2013.


Moody, B. 5 May 2010. „Lesbian soccer players fight for their rights‟. Retrieved from 1.616704?ot=inmsa.ArticlePrintPageLayout.ot on 23 June 2013.


Mthembu, B. 12 September 2005. „Zulu king slams gays‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 21 August 2013.


Mufweba, Y. 7 November 2003. ‘Corrective rape makes you an African woman’. Independent online. Retrieved from on 7 July 2013.


Ndaba, B. 28 November 2006. „Lesbian lover imprisoned for boy‟s death‟. Retrieved from 1.305130#.UzmjaajEeuI on 14 November 2013.


Ndenze, B. 15 November 2004. „SA men are wife-beaters and rapists – survey‟. Retrieved from 1.226955#.UqXSCFNSmqM on 22 November 2013.


Quintal, S. 2006. Churches speak out against new marriage Bill. Retrieved from 1.291060#.UmaHin9SmqM.on 23 November 2013.


Quintal, A. 10 September 2006b. „Anti-gay union MPs call for conscience vote‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 21June 2003.

Quintal, A. 29 September 2006a. „Traditional leaders to pursue same-sex bill‟. Retrieved from IOL: 1.295578#.UHf652lrb5k on 23 June 2013


Quintal, A. 29 September 2006.Zuma tries to mend fences after gay comments. Retrieved from 1.295595#.UhJViqxetnQ on 31 August 2013.


Quintal, A. 27 October 2006. Homosexual activities are African – activists. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 23 August 2013.


Quintal, A. 14 November 2006c. „Civil Union Bill. ANC MPs Must Vote Yes‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from on 1 April 2013.


Reuters. 2004. Rape New Weapon against South African Lesbians. Available at accessed 05 May 2012.


Smith, D. 2009. „Quarter of men in South Africa admit rape‟. The Guardian, 17 June 2009.


Smith, J. 2007. „We are forced to live in fear‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from 1.373731#.Uzva_Pk0VuQ on 31 August 2012.


Times Live. 3 May 2011. „Lesbian murder hate crime: Human Rights Watch‟. Retrieved from on 3 June 2013. Times Live. 10 November 2011.


Cabinet condemns ‘corrective rape’. Retrieved from on 13 June 2013.


The Star. 6 December 2011. „Lesbians ostracised by their families‟. Retrieved from 1.1192819#.UqXY5VNSmqM on 23 May 2013.


Times Live. 01 March 2010. „Minister slams „porn‟ exhibition‟. Retrieved from,+offensive+and+going+against+nationbuilding.%22+&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefoxa&gws_rd=cr on 14 June 2013.

Times Live. 5 December 2011. „South African lesbians face abuse: rights group‟. Retrieved from on 03 December 2013.


Westen, J. H. 24 March 2006. „4-Year-Old Killed for Refusing to Call Mom‟s Lesbian Lover “Daddy”‟. Retrieved from on 20 November 2013.


Williams, M. 17 February 2001. „Religious outrage over pink tourism‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from 1.61229#.Uzvapfk0VuQ on 31 August 2012.


ZeroBoss. 28 November 2006. „Lesbian Mom and Partner Convicted of Murdering Son‟. Retrieved from on 23 June 2013.


Swartz, L. (2007). Fertility transition in South Africa and its implications on the four majority populations [Electronic version]. Retrieved 6 December, 2007, wartzpaper.PDF


Govender, D. S. (2000, July 9). Woman breaks silence of AIDS among Indians. Sunday Times. South Africa


Garbus, L. (2001). HIV Insite: South Africa. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on 30th January, 2002. Available at: doc=2098.410f


Taitz, L. (2000, July 30). SA whites have record HIV rates. Sunday Times. South Africa.


News 24. 2011. 17 000 pregnancies at KZN schools in 2010, Accessed in March 10, 2012 from 2010-20110310


News24. 2010. Lesbian kicked to ‘convert’ her. Accessed on February 05, 2012 from


News24. 2011. Four guilt of ‘lesbian’ killing. Accessed on February 05, 2013 from


Department of Basic Education (2011). National Curriculum Statement: Life Orientation Further Education and Training Phase, Grades 10-12. Pretoria: Department of Basic Education


Department of Social Development. (2015). National adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights strategy framework 2014-2019. Pretoria: Department of Social Development.


Human Rights Watch. 2001. Scared at school: Sexual violence against girls in South African schools. Available at: (Accessed on 6/7/2003)


Human Rights Watch. 2004. Deadly delay: South Africa’s effort to prevent HIV in survivors of sexual violence. Human Rights Watch 16 (3): (A).


Ramji, S. 1998. Reproductive health in South Africa. The Peak 3 (100) Available at: (Accessed on 6/7/2002).

Conscientious Objection by Prof. Eddie Mhlanga: