News Articles and Policy Training Manuals

AVERT: HIV and AIDS in South Africa. International HIV & AIDS Charity. Accessed on December 1, 2010. http://www.avert.org/safricastats.htm

 

Bill of Rights, South Africa – Chapter 2. Retrieved April 26, 2010 from South African Government Information, Documents, Constitution, 1996. http://www.info.gov.za/documents/constitution/1996/96cons2.htm#9.

 

What the stats say: What’s actually Happening in our country. (n.d.) Retrieved April 25, 2010 from University of KwaZulu-Natal University, Gender Violence Web Site, Counselling Services. //scc.ukzn.ac.za/WhattheStatsSay7857.aspx>.

 

WHO (2010). Chapter 4: Violence by Intimate Partners. World Report on Violence and Health. Retrieved March 21, 2010 from World Health Organization, Gender, Women and Health, Partner Violence and Women’s Health Website. //www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/summary_report/chapter4/en/ind ex.html>. p.101-102.

 

Harvey, A., Garcia-Moreno, C. & Butchart, A. (2007). Primary prevention of intimate-partner violence and sexual violence: Background paper for WHO expert meeting. Geneva: World Health Organization

 

. World Health Organization. (2004). Handbook for the documentation of interpersonal violence prevention programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization.

 

Republic of South Africa. Births and Death Resgistration Act. 41. Government Gazette. 1992.

 

Republic of South Africa. Domestic Violence Act. No 116. Government Gazette.1998.

 

WHO 1999, Putting women’s safety first: Ethical and safety recommendation for research on domestic violence against women, World Health Organisation, Geneva, WHO/EIP/GPE/99.2.

 

Department of Education, (1999). National Policy on HIV/AIDS, for Learners AND Educators in Public Schools, and Students and Educators in Further and Education and Training. Pretoria: Department of Education

 

Department of Health, (2010). National Antenatal Sentinel HIV and Syphilis Prevalence Survey in South Africa, 2009. Pretoria: Department of Health

 

Department of Health, (2012). The National Contraception Policy Guidelines. Pretoria: Department of Health.

 

Department of Health, (2012) Preventing Teenage Pregnancy. Pretoria: Department of Health

 

Human Sciences Research Council (2009). Teenage pregnancy in South Africa with a specific focus on school-going learners. Pretoria: UNICEF

 

Jeeves, A. (2001). Public health in the era of South Africa’s syphilis epidemic of the 1930’s and 1940’s. South African Historical Journal, 45(1), 79-102.

 

Marks, S. (2002). An epidemic waiting to happen? The spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa in social and historical perspective. African Studies, 61(1), 13-26.

 

Preston-Whyte, E. (1994). Gender and the lost generation: the dynamics of HIV transmission among black South African teenagers. Health Transition Review, 4, 241-255.

 

Simbayi, L.C., Chauveau, J. & Shisana, O. (2004) Behavioural responses of South African youth to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a nationwide survey. AIDS Care, 16, 605–618

 

Abortion and Sterilization Act. (1975). Act 2. Cape Town: South African Government Gazette 478.

 

Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act. (1996). Act 92. Cape Town: South African Government Gazette 377(17602).

 

da Costa, P. C., & Donald, F. (2003). The experience of person-role conflict in doctors expected to terminate pregnancies in the South African public sector. South African Journal of Psychology, 33(1), 10-18.

 

Department of Health. (1999–2001). Saving Mothers: Second report on confidential enquiries into maternal deaths in South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Health

 

 

Harvey, Marjolein. ‘South Africa: ‘Morning After Pill’ Angers Anti-abortion Lobby’. 25 January 2001. All Africa. http://allafrica.com/stories/200101250367.html Accessed 10 November 2013.

 

 

Health 24. 2013. ‘Emergency Contraceptive pills in South Africa: There are only two basic types of emergency contraceptive pills in South Africa’. http://www.health24.com/Lifestyle/Contraception/Contraception-for-women/Emergency-Contraceptive-pills-in-South-Africa-20120721 Accessed 12 November 2013.

 

 

Johnston, Robert ‘Historical abortion statistics, South Africa’. 21 November 2010. Johnston’s Archive. www.johnstonsarchive.net/policy/abortion/ab-southafrica.html Accessed 31 July 2014

 

 

BBC News. 2009. Big Jump in South Africa Sex Offences. News Article. 22 Sept. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8269159.stm. [Accessed on 6 October 2009]

 

Ipas. 2007. South Africa holds hearings about abortion law amendment. Chapel Hill: Ipas. http://www.ipas.org/Library/News/News_Items/South_Africa_holds_hearings_a out_abortion_law_amendment.aspx. [Accessed on 16 February 2010].

 

NCCEMD. 2007. Saving Mothers 2005-2007: Fourth Report on Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in South Africa Expanded Executive Summary. Pretoria: Department of Health. http://www.doh.gov.za/docs/index.html [Accessed 15 February 2010]

 

Republic of South Africa. 1996. Constitution and Bill of Rights. Act 92 of 1996. Pretoria: Republic of SA, 22 Nov 1996 www.info.gov.za/acts/1996/a92-96.pdf. [Accessed on 5 September 2009].

 

Klugman, B., & Varkey, S.J. (2001). From policy development to policy implementation: the South African Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act. In B. Klugman & D.Budlender (Eds.), Advocating for abortion access: Eleven country studies (pp. 251-282). Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.

 

De Capua, J. 2006. Criticism of condom distribution at South African schools. VOA News. [Online] Available: http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2006-01/2006-01-13- voa21.cfm.[03/03/2011]

 

Forrest, J.I. 2009. Perceptions of HIV and fertility among adolescents in Soweto, South Africa: Stigma and social barriers continue to hinder progress. http://www.springerlink.com.ez.sun.ac.za/content/r0n521861524k1m6/?p=6b6ed639f f [2011, February, 19]

 

Fredericks, I. 2001. Koornhof’s condom plan is ‘premature.’ Sunday Times. [Online] Available: http://www.hst.org.za/news/20010616. [2011, February, 19]

 

Human Sciences Research Council. 2009.Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa with a Specific Focus on School-Going Learners July 2009, [Online] Available from:http://www.hsrc.ac.za/Document-3306.phtml. [Access 3 January 2011]

 

Human Sciences Research Council. 2009.Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa with a Specific Focus on School-Going Learners July 2009, [Online] Available from:http://www.hsrc.ac.za/Document-3306.phtml. [Access 3 January 2011]

 

Life News.com. 2007.South African Abortions on the rise, number on teenagers has doubled. 19 September.

 

Makiwane, M. & Udjo, E. 2006. Is the Child Support Grant associated with an increase in teenage fertility in South Africa? Evidence from national surveys and administrative data. [Online] Available: http://www.google.com. [2010, August 30].

 

Medical Research Council of South Africa. 2007. A National Health plan for South Africa.: Pretoria South Africa.

 

National Department of Education. 2009. Teenage pregnancy in South Africa: with a specific focus on school- going Learners.

 

news24.com. 2011. School boys arrested over sex video. 18 October.

 

Republic of South Africa South Africa. 2006. Children’s Act 38 of 2005. [Online] Available: http://www.info.gov.za/gazette/acts/2005/a38-05.pdf.[2011, March, 10]

 

Republic of South Africa. 2007. Children’s Amendment Act (No. 41 of 2007). [Online] Available: http: http://www.polity.org.za/article/children039s-amendment-act-no-41-of- 2007-2008-04-10. [2011, November, 10]

Republic of South Africa South Africa. 1996 Constitution of the Republic of South Africa. 1996. 27(1): Health care, food, water and social security. [Online] Available: http://www.info.gov.za/documents/constitution/1996/96cons2.htm#27. [2011, March, 10]

 

Ruwaydah, L. 2006. Teen moms: SA’S shocking truth. Drum, November, 11.SABC 3. 2006. Special Assignment. [Television programme]. July.

 

Sookha, B. & Cole, B. 2007. Youngsters to decide on sex. Daily News. [Online] Available: http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?sf=15&set_id=1&click_id=13&art_id=vn20070704095 736971C170074. [2011, March, 10]

 

Mager, A. K. (1999). Gender and the making of a South African Bantustan: A social history of the Ciskei. Oxford: James Currey.

 

Morrell, R. (2002). Men, movement and gender transformation in South Africa. Journal of Men’s Studies, 10, 309-321.

 

DhlaminI S 2009. Fate of pregnant pupils. The Mirror, 2 April 2009:3.

 

Domisse J 2007. Teenage pregnancy time bomb. Mail & Guardian, 13 March 2007:11-14

 

Ferguson M 2004. The truth about teenage sex. True Love, 3 February 2004:2-3.

 

Govender P 2007. Maternity leave for pregnant schoolgirls. The Times, 3 March 2007:4.

 

Khubisa M 2012 teenage pregnancy a crisis in KwaZulu-Natal. The North Coast Courier, 4 July 2012: 1-4.

 

Kruger C 2011 Derde van Suid-Afrika se kinders verloor hulle onskuld op 14. rapport, 28 Augustus 201:5.

 

Maphumulo S 2009. Pupil dies after giving birth. The Star, 13 February 2009:6.

 

Masemola L 2008. Teenage pregnancy becomes a trend. The Star, 30 October 2008:6

 

Mazibuko M 2008. Pregnancy blues. The Sowetan, 13 February 2008:2

 

Mkamba L & Moolla Y 2012. Grade 3 pupils fall pregnant in KwaZulu-Natal. The Mercury, 27 June 2012: 2 -3.

 

Mngoma S 2008. How are schools to deal with pregnancies? The Natal Witness, 28 February 2008:18.

 

Mngoma S. 2010. The teen pregnancy epidemic. The Natal Witness, 26 May 2010:11

 

Mtshali T 2007. Social grant not promoting teen pregnancies. The Sunday Independent, 18 January 2007:4.

 

Newman L 2008. Teenage pregnancy no surprise. The Mercury, 9 May 2009:4.

 

Nkuna B 2008. Child grant used for booze. The Cape Argus, 29 September 2008:6.

 

SAPA (South African Publishing Association) 2008. Rape: 20% of sex assaults at school. The Natal Witness, 13 March 2008:1.

 

Hutchinson, B. 1957. „Some Social Consequences of the Nineteenth Century Missionary Activity among the South African Bantu‟, in Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Apr., 1957), pp. 160-177. Published by: Edinburgh University Press.

 

 

Action Aid. (2009). Hate crimes: The rise of ‘corrective’ rape in South Africa. Retrieved 7 September, 2009, from http://www.actionaid.org/pages.aspx?PageID=34&itemID=447

 

da Costa, W. J. (2006, December 2). Timeline of gay and lesbian rights milestones in SA. Pretoria News, p. 2.

 

Nkosi, S. (2005, 17 December). Traditional leaders do not support gay union. City Press. Retrieved July 12, 2009 from http://www.citypress.co.za/MyCityPress/Letters/Traditional-leaders-donot-support-gay-union-20100614.

 

Republic of South Africa. (1988). The Sexual Offences Act, No. 2 of 1988. Pretoria: Government Printers.

 

Botha, M. P. (2008). Homosexuality ond South African cinema. Retrieved June 15, 2009, from http://www.kinema.uwaterloo.ca/article.php ?id=129&feature

 

Rawoot, I. (2011). Mogoeng’s assault on women’s rights. Retrieved November 23, 2011 from http://mg. co.za/a rticle/20 11-08-26-m ogoengs-m arita I-ra pe-judgments-ra isehackles

 

Vetten, L. (1997). Roots of a rape crisis. Crime and Conflict, 8, retrieved November 22, 2011 from http://www.csvr.org.za/wits/papers/papvet2.htm

 

OUTRhodes Society. 2010. Rhodes University: Grahamstown. Access date 2 March 2015 from: http://outrhodes.webs.com/healthwellbeing.htm

 

Daniels, L. 10 December 2005. „Traditional leaders against law on gay unions‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/traditional-leaders-against-law-on-gay-unions- 1.261075#.UhHUNKznRK4

 

Da Costa, W. & Witbooi, M. 17 October 2006. „Church council divided about same-sex unions‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/churchcouncil-divided-about-same-sex-unions-1.297898#.Uzvhvfk0VuQ on 23 June 2012.

 

Da Costa, W. 20 September 2006. „ACDP slams civil union bill‟. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from IOL: http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/acdp-slams-civil-union-bill- 1.294452#.UHf–Glrb5k

 

Dentlinger, L. 13 February 2009. ‘We will rehabilitate gays and lesbians’. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/we-will-rehabilitate-gays-andlesbians-1.434458#.Uzvh8vk0VuQ on 23 June 2012.

 

Featherstone, S. 2006. IOL readers divided on same sex marriages. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/iol-readers-divided-on-same-sex-marriages- 1.303377#.UmeAqlPnRK4 on 14 November 2013.

 

Geen, J. Rise of “Corrective Rapes” on Lesbians in South Africa, PINK NEWS, Mar. 13, 2009, http://news.pinknews.co.uk/news/articles/2005-11596.html/ accessed on 24 March 2013.

 

Gerardy, J. 2 September 2009. „Lesbian rape case exposes SA as grimly macho‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/lesbian-rape-case-exposes-sa-as-grimly-macho- 1.457125#.UqXVk1NSmqM on 8 December 2013.

 

Graham, S. 11 March 2004. „Gay community still facing many challenges‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gay-community-still-facing-many-challenges- 1.207527?ot=inmsa.ArticlePrintPageLayout.ot on 03 December 2013.

 

Green, J. „Paper documents persecution of black lesbians‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/paper-documents-persecution-of-black-lesbians- 1.108681#.UqXOwFNSmqM on 22 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 2 November 1999. „Judge rules that gay couple are family‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/judge-rules-that-gay-couple-are-family- 1.18095#.UzsatKjEeuI on 3 May 2013.

 

Independent Online. 26 November 1999. „IFP MP ‘cannot comprehend’ gay sex‟. Retrieved from..http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/ifp-mp-cannot-comprehend-gay-sex- 1.20794#.UhJNMKxetnQ on 23 July 2013.

 

Independent Online. 28 September 2001. „Court victory for gay couples‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/court-victory-for-gay-couples-1.74391#.UpT3TVNetnQ on 23 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 28 September 2001.’Gay couples can adopt kids’. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gay-couples-can-adopt-kids-1.74398#.UpT32VNetnQ on 23 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 10 September 2002. „Lesbians and gays can adopt, Concourt rules‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/lesbians-and-gays-can-adoptconcourt-rules-1.94570#.UpT2eFNetnQ on 23 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 18 October 2002. „Lesbian lovers to continue legal battle‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/lesbian-lovers-to-continue-legal-battle- 1.96303#.UzsYjKjEeuI on 23 May 2012.

 

Independent Online. 25 June 2003. „Paper documents persecution of black lesbians‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/paper-documents-persecution-ofblack-lesbians-1.108681#.UzvYAvk0VuQ on 23 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 27 December 2004. „HRC welcomes challenge on gay marriages‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/hrc-welcomes-challenge-on-gaymarriages-1.230368#.UzscTqjEeuI on 3 May 2013.

 

Independent Online. 17 May 2005. „Homosexuality against the Bible, court hears‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/homosexuality-against-the-bible-court-hears- 1.241425#.UzsVI6jEeuI on 12 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 2 December 2005. „Same-sex marriage ruling brings hope and joy‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/same-sex-marriage-ruling-bringshope-and-joy-1.260366#.UzsZKajEeuI on 23 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 18 November 2005. „Lesbian couple accused of murder‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/lesbian-couple-accused-of-murder- 1.259109#.UpTvRlNetnQ on 22 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 1 December 2005. „A year’s too long to wait, say gay groups‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/a-year-s-too-long-to-wait-say-gay-groups- 1.260290#.UzsZqajEeuI on 3 May 2013.

 

Independent Online. 17 May 2006. „PAC leader apologies for anti-gay comments‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/pac-leader-apologies-for-anti-gay-comments- 1.277953#.UpTqvFNetnQ on 22 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 2 October 2006. „Bill hearing was chaotic, say gays‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/bill-hearing-was-chaotic-say-gays- 1.295833#.UzsaMKjEeuI on 3 May 2013.

 

Independent Online. 22 September 2006. „We‟re different now on gays – Ndungane‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/we-re-different-now-on-gaysndungane-1.294841#.UzsXF6jEeuI on 23 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 18 November 2006. „Same-sex marriages ‘not holy’‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/same-sex-marriages-not-holy- 1.303781#.UzsXcajEeuI on 23 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 18 May 2007. ‘We cannot bless civil unions’. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/we-cannot-bless-civil-unions- 1.353565#.UzsWfKjEeuI on 13 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 9 August 2007. ‘Lesbians are still targeted’. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/lesbians-are-still-targeted- 1.365632#.UqXWUFNSmqM on 03 December 2013.

 

Independent Online. 6 May 2008. „Lesbian pupils face high rape risk‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/lesbian-pupils-face-high-rape-risk-1.399044#.UqXU- 1NSmqM on 31 August 2013.

 

Independent Online. 12 March 2008. ‘High levels of sexual assault at school’. Retrieved from http://www.thepost.co.za/high-levels-of-sexual-assault-at-school- 1.392799?ot=inmsa.ArticlePrintPageLayout.ot on 22 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 6 April 2010. „Rape of lesbian: Activists call for no bail‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/rape-of-lesbian-activists-call-for-no-bail- 1.479737#.UzvUdPk0VuQ on 5 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. „MEC asks for report on ‘corrective rape’‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/mec-asks-for-report-on-corrective-rape- 1.480375#.UzvW4vk0VuQ on 13 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 7 October 2010. „Gay rights are Human Rights‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/western-cape/gay-rights-are-human-rights- 1.684284#.UzsbSqjEeuI on 3 May 2013.

 

Independent Online. 13 March 2011. „Lesbians to attend talks at Parliament‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/western-cape/lesbians-to-attend-talks-at-parliament- 1.1040639#.UzvXVvk0VuQ on 23 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 1 August 2011. „Campaign to stop „corrective rape‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/crime-courts/campaign-to-stop-corrective-rape- 1.1109503#.UzvT3_k0VuQ on 23 June 2013.

 

Independent Online. 5 December 2011. „SA lesbians abused: rights groups‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/crime-courts/sa-lesbians-abused-rights-group- 1.1192467#.UqXRW1NSmqM on 22 November 2013.

 

Independent Online. 23 January 2012. „Gays are rotten, says Zwelithini‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/gays-are-rotten-says-zwelithini1.1217811#.UhJOGaxetnQ on 24 April 2013.

 

Khumalo, S. 2007. „Same-sex marriages ‘will destroy the Zulus’. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/same-sex-marriages-will-destroy-thezulus-1.316804#.Uzvdyfk0VuQ on 31 August 2012.

 

Lange de D. 8 May 2012. „Sack Holomisa for anti-gay comments – DA‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/sack-holomisa-for-anti-gaycomments-da-1.1291769#.UzvdVPk0VuQ on 14 November 2013.

 

Mail & Guardian. 14 June 2011. „Gay woman stabbed in Crossroads‟. Retrieved from http://mg.co.za/article/2011-06-14-gay-woman-stabbed-in-crossroads on 22 March 2012.

Mbatha, M. 2006. „IOL readers generous to same sex‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/world/iol-readers-generous-to-same-sex-partners- 1.304757#.Umo3pqzO2uI on 12 May 2012.

 

Mhlongo, A. February 21 2005. Gay marriage rights hits traditional snag. Retrieved January 2013 from IOL: http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gay-marriage-rights-hits-traditionalsnag-1.234520

 

Mamphumulo, S. 30 June 2008. „Soweto’s female gays live in constant fear‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/soweto-s-female-gays-live-in-constant-fear- 1.406346#.UqXUQVNSmqM on 03 December 2013.

 

Moody, B. 5 May 2010. „Lesbian soccer players fight for their rights‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/sport/lesbian-soccer-players-fight-for-their-rights- 1.616704?ot=inmsa.ArticlePrintPageLayout.ot on 23 June 2013.

 

Mthembu, B. 12 September 2005. „Zulu king slams gays‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/zulu-king-slams-gays-1.253208#.Uzvi9fk0VuQ on 21 August 2013.

 

Mufweba, Y. 7 November 2003. ‘Corrective rape makes you an African woman’. Independent online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/corrective-rape-makes-you-anafrican-woman-1.116543#.Uzvcufk0VuQ on 7 July 2013.

 

Ndaba, B. 28 November 2006. „Lesbian lover imprisoned for boy‟s death‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/mom-lesbian-lover-imprisoned-for-boy-s-death- 1.305130#.UzmjaajEeuI on 14 November 2013.

 

Ndenze, B. 15 November 2004. „SA men are wife-beaters and rapists – survey‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/sa-men-are-wife-beaters-and-rapists-survey- 1.226955#.UqXSCFNSmqM on 22 November 2013.

 

Quintal, S. 2006. Churches speak out against new marriage Bill. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/churches-speak-out-against-new-marriage-bill- 1.291060#.UmaHin9SmqM.on 23 November 2013.

 

Quintal, A. 10 September 2006b. „Anti-gay union MPs call for conscience vote‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/anti-gay-union-mpscall-for-conscience-vote-1.293006#.UzvjUfk0VuQ on 21June 2003.

Quintal, A. 29 September 2006a. „Traditional leaders to pursue same-sex bill‟. Retrieved from IOL: http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/traditionalleaders-to-peruse-same-sex-bill- 1.295578#.UHf652lrb5k on 23 June 2013

 

Quintal, A. 29 September 2006.Zuma tries to mend fences after gay comments. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/zuma-tries-to-mend-fences-after-gay-comments- 1.295595#.UhJViqxetnQ on 31 August 2013.

 

Quintal, A. 27 October 2006. Homosexual activities are African – activists. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/homosexual-activities-are-africanactivists-1.300415#.Uzvccfk0VuQ on 23 August 2013.

 

Quintal, A. 14 November 2006c. „Civil Union Bill. ANC MPs Must Vote Yes‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/civil-union-bill-ancmps-must-vote-yes-1.303068#.Uzvbc_k0VuQ on 1 April 2013.

 

Reuters. 2004. Rape New Weapon against South African Lesbians. Available at www.hindustantimes.com/news/ accessed 05 May 2012.

 

Smith, D. 2009. „Quarter of men in South Africa admit rape‟. The Guardian, 17 June 2009.

 

Smith, J. 2007. „We are forced to live in fear‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/we-are-forced-to-live-in-fear- 1.373731#.Uzva_Pk0VuQ on 31 August 2012.

 

Times Live. 3 May 2011. „Lesbian murder hate crime: Human Rights Watch‟. Retrieved from http://www.timeslive.co.za/local/2011/05/03/lesbian-murder-hate-crime-human-rights-watch on 3 June 2013. Times Live. 10 November 2011.

 

Cabinet condemns ‘corrective rape’. Retrieved from http://www.timeslive.co.za/local/2011/11/10/cabinet-condemns-corrective-rape on 13 June 2013.

 

The Star. 6 December 2011. „Lesbians ostracised by their families‟. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/the-star/lesbians-ostracised-by-their-families- 1.1192819#.UqXY5VNSmqM on 23 May 2013.

 

Times Live. 01 March 2010. „Minister slams „porn‟ exhibition‟. Retrieved from https://www.google.co.za/search?q=%22immoral,+offensive+and+going+against+nationbuilding.%22+&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefoxa&gws_rd=cr on 14 June 2013.

Times Live. 5 December 2011. „South African lesbians face abuse: rights group‟. Retrieved from http://www.timeslive.co.za/local/2011/12/05/south-african-lesbians-face-abuse-rightsgroup on 03 December 2013.

 

Westen, J. H. 24 March 2006. „4-Year-Old Killed for Refusing to Call Mom‟s Lesbian Lover “Daddy”‟. Retrieved from http://www.lifesitenews.com/news/4-year-old-killed-for-refusingto-call-moms-lesbian-lover-daddy on 20 November 2013.

 

Williams, M. 17 February 2001. „Religious outrage over pink tourism‟. Independent Online. Retrieved from http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/religious-outrage-over-pink-tourism- 1.61229#.Uzvapfk0VuQ on 31 August 2012.

 

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Conscientious Objection by Prof. Eddie Mhlanga: https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2017-08-13-health-e-health-workers-are-undermining-womens-right-to-abortion/?utm_content=bufferf0ad4&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer#.WZFkmFEjHIU